FACTS ABOUT DONKEYS, ZEBRAS AND THE EQUIDAE FAMILY
1. Did you know Mule / donkey is another animal, the result of crossing a donkey with a mare. Females are called mules and males are donkeys.
Did you know the puppies of horses with donkey females are called Hinny.
Did you know the animals of the species Equus asinus are about 1.30 meters in height and about 300 kilos.
2. Did you know its found in practically all regions of the planet, with the exception of the poles, the donkeys are very resistant animals. They have been domesticated and used as a transport / cargo animal for thousands of years.
3. Did you know the asses are believed to have originated in Abyssinia, a country now known as Ethiopia.
4. Did you know It is possible that the donkeys descend from a very similar wild animal called onager. There are still wild animals living in the wild in countries like Iran, Pakistan, India and China. The reduction of its habitat, however, threatens this animal of extinction.
5. Did you know Donkeys and horses probably evolved from an extinct animal known as mesohippus (“half horse”), which lived about 40 million years ago.
6. Did you know there are wild horses in various regions of the planet. where they live without any contact with humans. They are tough and fast, but difficult to train.
Did you know one of the most primitive equine species still extant is the przewalsky horse, which inhabits the plains of Central Asia. It was named after the Russian colonel who described the species for the first time.
7. Did you know there was a wild horse called tarpan, from which the Arabian horse breed probably originated. The last tarpan disappeared from nature in 1850.
8. Did you know the second equine species to disappear in recent years was the quagga (see image above). The quagga was an exotic animal, with a donkey’s body and neck and striped heads (which reminds one a bit of the zebra). The last specimen was hunted in 1878.
9. Did you know Scientists have created a zebra selection and mating project to create a copy identical to the old quagga. So far they have not been successful in resuscitating an animal with a similar genetic code, but it is very probable that they have arrived VERY close to that.
10. Did you know it’s impossible to find zebras with the same pattern of stripes. These patterns are like human fingerprints: no two are alike.
11. Did you know there are several hypotheses to explain the set of contrasting stripes typical of zebras. One of them suggests that stripes are a form of camouflage. They “break” the contour of the zebra, which is confused with the vegetation of African savannas. But…
12. Did you know a group of scientists at the University of California, USA, came to a rather curious conclusion: zebras have stripes to defend themselves against insect bites such as the tsetse fly. Responsible for sleeping sickness, tsetse is common in sub-Saharan Africa.
13. Are zebras white animals with black or black stripes with white stripes? Did you know there is no consensus on this, but the thesis that it is a black animal with white stripes is the most accepted. Its defenders have taken several factors as the basis, and one of them is the pattern of stripes and the color of extinct relatives of zebras.
14. Did you know there are three species of zebras: plain zebra, mountain zebra and zebra-de-grevy. While the first two are similar in appearance to the horse, the third is more like the donkey.
15. Did you know Zebras are part of the “menu” of lions. But anyone who thinks they are easily captured is wrong. In addition to having a kick capable of breaking the jaw of a predator, zebras are fast animals. A zebra can reach speed of 64 miles per hour, which makes it one of the fastest horses in the world.
16. In addition to speed, Did you know zebras have another differential that helps protect against predators: vision. They see very well, even at night.