Facts about ants, termites, cockroaches and other species
1. Did you know an ant colony can have up to 100,000 members.
2. Did you know Ants communicate through pheromones. Upon finding a food, the ant leaves a trace of this substance to the anthill, indicating to the companions where it is.
3. Did you know Moths like to feed on paper. Where there are piles of paper – archives, shelves, and libraries – there will be moths.
4. Did you know Moths can lay 1,000 to 3,500 eggs throughout their lives.
5. Did you know Mites are arachnids – relatives of spiders – so small that they can only be seen through a microscope.
6. Did you know Mites basically feed on human skin (yes, we change skin all the time, but we do not realize).
7. Did you know Mites abound on rugs, sofas, mattresses and pillows (in fact, much of the weight of an old pillow is made up of mites).
8. Did you know there are more than 10,000 species of ants scattered around the world. There are only ants at the poles.
9. Did you know Ants are able to walk 300 meters from the nest – which is a great distance in relation to their size. It’s like walking 60 miles to the mall!
10. Did you know reproduction is the responsibility of the queen, who lives within the anthill and is larger than the other ants.
11. Did you know the males die after mating with the queen.
12. Did you know the female workers are all female and take care of the queen among her tasks.
13. Did you know one of the species that coexist with man is the phantom ant. She lives in residences, usually in holes in the walls, behind tiles and in skirting boards.
14. Did you know another common species in our midst is the carpenter ant. The workers have several sizes. The carpenter ant lives on trees, roofs, doors and windows, hence its name.
15. Did you know some termite colonies (such as those of the African Macrotermes) can house, believe it or not, 5 million individuals.
16. Did you know the little thing we usually find under the furniture is not sawdust, it’s termite poop.
17. Did you know siriris are nothing more than newborn termites. When they lose their wings, they will live in furniture, gates, decorative objects, and everything that is made of wood.
18. Did you know a flea consumes 15 times its own weight in blood!
19. Did you know the main agent causing the plague is the flea that, when it stings the person or animal, transmits the bacteria. It is believed that in Europe of the fourteenth century the bacteria were transmitted from rats to fleas and from them to humans.
20. Did you know the plague-transmitting bacillus is very common in wild rodents such as rats, squirrels and even marmots.
21. In general, Did you know only the female of the stilt feeds on blood. The male usually consumes nectar.
22. Did you know about 100 million cases of dengue are reported each year worldwide. Those of hemorrhagic dengue go from 500 thousand / year.
23. Did you know the mosquito (or stilt, or muriçoca, or carapanã, depending on the region) dengue transmitter is Aedes aegypti, also responsible for the urban-type transmission of yellow fever and other diseases.
24. Did you know Aedes aegypti is a name of Greek and Latin origin, whose meaning is “the odious of Egypt”. Aedes comes from the Greek “odious” and “aegypti” from the Latin “Egypt.”
25. But how to identify Aedes aegypti? Easy, Did you know it is dark and has white patches on the body.
26. Did you know there are over 150,000 species of flies.
27. Did you know Houseflies live only 2 weeks. Some species, however, have a rather short life span: 24 hours.
28. Did you know females of flies lay their eggs (about 120) in trash and decaying matter.
29. Did you know some species of flies – such as stable flies, horn flies, and mucilages – feed on blood.
30. Of the 5,000 known cockroach species, Did you know only 1% are considered domestic pests.
31. Did you know Cockroaches transmit 32 diseases by bacteria, 17 by fungi, 3 by protozoa and 2 by viruses.
32. Did you know cholera, plague, typhoid, herpes, polio, conjunctivitis are Cochroach-borne diseases
33. Did you know Cockroaches can drag themselves tens of meters even with their viscera exposed after a flip-flop.
34. Did you know a very disgusting curiosity (even !!): Cockroaches can gnaw your lips while you sleep.
35. Did you know Cockroaches can introduce the head into a person’s nostrils to eat secretions.
36. In addition to severe pain, Did you know the sting of the scorpion causes sweating, nausea, vomiting and heart failure. Detail: It can lead the elderly and children to death.
37. Did you know Scorpions often feed on roaches and other insects. In addition to stinging the victims, they, so to speak, “vomit” an enzyme into them to be more easily eaten.
38. Did you know there are three mice for every human being.
39. Did you know the three species of rats (say: pests) that coexist with humans are: the mouse, the rat roof and the rat.
40. Did you know Rats transmit about 55 diseases to humans. One of the most dangerous is leptospirosis and one of the most fatal victims in history is the plague.
41. Did you know transmitted by mouse urine, leptospirosis is a disease that causes pain, high fever and heavy bleeding, which can lead to death.
42. Did you know another fatal disease transmitted by rats is hantavirus, a disease characterized by pulmonary and renal syndromes, and severe haemorrhagic fever.
43. Did you know among the most venomous species of spiders in the world are the black widow, the brown spider, the armadeira and some types of crab.
How to controll this pest
Moths – hanging small branches of mint in the closet and shelves (replace them when they are dry; put bay leaves in the cupboard (which should be replaced every 20 days).
Mites – leave mattresses, bedspreads, pillows, stuffed animals etc in the sun from time to time; mix 150 gram of cloves with 1 liter of water, rest for two days and spray on mattresses and rugs – lastly, wipe with alcohol to remove dead mites.
Ants – just apply water with detergent to a syringe in the holes in which they hide. To prevent them from appearing, simply leave small bags of chopped tobacco in the places they like to go.
Cockroaches – mix 1 chopped onion, 1 teaspoon of wheat and 100 grams of boric acid and sprinkle the balls around the house.
Termites – Mix chlorine with water in the ratio of 1 to 10 and inject into the hole in the wood. To avoid them, mix 1 liter of kerosene with half a liter of burnt diesel oil and pass through the wood (on the piece of furniture) with a brush.
Fleas – mix 3 camphor stones with 1 glass of water and two of alcohol. Apply with a spray on the animal or on the places where there are fleas (mattresses, rugs etc).
Flies – just cut lemons in half, prick them with blackheads and scatter them around the house.
Pernilongos – apply a mixture of water, milk and liquid paraffin to the walls, windows and corners of the house.
Scorpions – they can only be eliminated with potent insecticides. Two recommended insecticides are Formilix and Penetrol. To avoid them, do not let dirt, debris and leftover food accumulate in your residence. Avoid everything that attracts cockroaches, one of the main foods of scorpions.
Spiders – make constant cleanings in your home (especially in the corners where insects and arachnids may hide); carefully check shoes, sneakers and other accessories that can serve as a refuge; cover any holes that can serve as spiders’ homes; try to discover the nests and eliminate them. Be vigilant always.