On January 12, 2010, a 7.3 magnitude earthquake struck Haiti. More than 230,000 people were killed. Another 300,000 were injured. More than 600,000 people left Port-au-Prince to live with families outside the capital. The earthquake displaced 1. 5 million people. Emergency camps have sprung up to protect them.
The landslides caused by the earthquake from the epicenter (18.457?N, 72.533? W) to Port-au-Prince are mainly distributed in four areas: the upper reaches of the Riviere Momance River, the Riviere Frorse basin, and the Saint-Louis Near the building on the north slope of Morne Saint-Laurent and on the gentle hills. Among them, the Floss River Basin is the most dense.
According to the Word View-2 remote sensing data before and after the earthquake, the GeoEye-1 remote sensing data (the spatial resolution is 0.41m) and the Google Earth multi-temporal (1m resolution) on January 13 and 16, 2013.
, including pre-earthquake and post-earthquake) remote sensing images (with spatial resolution between 0.41-1m), in the spatial extent of 26.21 km of main road and 85.14 km2 of drainage area, due to the earthquake induced landslide body 165 The newly added area is 94,447 m2.
Read also; Did you know facts about Haiti
Also Among them, there are 98 new landslide bodies with an area of 54,132 m2. There are 35 further expansions on the basis of the original landslide body.
The victims of the earthquake included UN peacekeepers in Haiti , including eight Chinese peacekeepers. After the earthquake, the international community has lend a helping hand, indicating that it will provide humanitarian assistance to Haiti.
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Haiti before Earthquake
The Republic of Haiti covers an area of 27,797 square kilometers. Located in the west of Haitian Island ( Ispaniola ) on the West Indies . It is adjacent to the Dominican Republic in the east , the Caribbean Sea in the south, the Atlantic Ocean in thenorth , and Cuba and Jamaica across the sea in the west . It is an eastern Caribbean island country with a coastline of more than 1080 kilometers. The population is 9.03 million (before the 2010 earthquake). Blacks account for about 95%, and mixed-race and white descendants account for 5%.
The worst earthquake in Haiti since 1770 has hit the poorest country in the Western Hemisphere as never before. Hundreds of buildings, including the presidential palace and the UN peacekeeping force , collapsed. According to preliminary estimates by the International Red Cross, the earthquake will bring up to 3 million refugees to Haiti . After the 15th day of the earthquake, 113,000 people were killed and 196,000 injured. The epicenter was 15 kilometers from the Haitian capital of Port-au-Prince .
haiti earthquake 2010 facts
Type of Disaster: Earthquake
Disaster Time: January 12, 2010
Disaster Area: Port au Prince, Haiti
Elucidation: The Haiti 2010 earthquake occurred with the power of 7 on the Richter Scale with the epicenter of 16 km from Port-au-Prince at 4:53:09 local time (21:53:09 UTC) on 12 January 2010.
The epicenter was at a depth of 10 km. The United States Geological Survey states aftershocks with a strength of 5 on the Richter Scale.
Epicenter: 18,4514’LU 72,4452’BB
Affected Area :Capital Port-au-Prince and most of the country
Victim (Death, Severe injuries and minor injuries)
The Haitian government on Sunday 24 January 2010, buried more than 150,000 bodies that were victims of last week’s earthquake. The death toll did not include those who were likely still buried under the rubble of buildings, but it was difficult to save. The number of injured is estimated at 300,000.
Haitian officials were unable to ascertain how many of their citizens were killed in the 7.1 magnitude earthquake. “Nobody knows how many are buried in ruins, 200,000? 300,000? Who knows the number of those killed?” said Haiti’s Communication Minister Marie-Laurence Jocelyn Lassegue.
For the people who survived, the suffering seemed to continue. The reason, the volunteer team claimed the slow flow of food and logistics assistance to those in need. “We hope that we can act better and faster,” said Chair of the World Food Program, Joseet Sheeran, while visiting Port-au-Prince.
“This is not enough, we still want to add more,” said Lunie Marcelin, a 57-year-old mother who has six children while receiving food aid from UN peacekeepers in the Cite Soleil slum.
The government has only appealed to 600,000 residents who roam in open places in Port-au-Prince – a city of 2 million – to live in refugee camps or to stay in relatives’ homes outside the city. (AP)
B. Damage to Resident Homes
According to official estimates, 316,000 people were killed, 300,000 injured, 1.3 million refugees, 97,294 houses destroyed and 188,383 damaged in the Port-au-Prince area and in the south of Haiti. Other estimates show the number of victims is much lower, perhaps around 100,000 people. The victims included 4 people killed by a local tsunami which was reported to have occurred in the Petit Paradis area near Leogane.
C. Damage to Public Facilities
As a result of the earthquake, the Haitian Presidential Palace was reported, the Ministry of Finance Building, Minister of Public Works, Ministry of Communication and Culture, Parliament Building, Port-au-Prince Cathedral with different levels of damage. The earthquake that shook Haiti was the worst disaster ever handled by the United Nations (UN). Infrastructure damage is estimated to exceed the tsunami that devastated Aceh in 2004.
“This is a terrible disaster. Throughout the history of the United Nations, we have not found one this bad,” said the UN Humanitarian Coordinator, Elisabeth Byrs, told AFP on Saturday (16/1/2010).
Byrs noted that at least during the tsunami in Aceh, government offices were still standing. But in Haiti, like in the city of Leogane, all public facilities were destroyed in the earthquake.
“This earthquake is like killing the city,” he explained.
From the UN team’s report, about 90 percent of buildings and buildings in Leogane were destroyed by the 7 SR earthquake that rocked Haiti, Tuesday (12/1/2010). “There is no government office left,” he said.
Conditions in other cities are no less alarming. Many residents were buried in the ruins of the building and could not be evacuated.
Currently the SAR team from 27 countries with 1,500 people and 115 tracking dogs are still looking for survivors. But the factor of weak communication, the difficulty of transportation and the lack of fuel are obstacles to the SAR operation
E. Estimated Losses
On January 12, 2010, Haiti was rocked by a massive earthquake of 7.0 on the Richter scale which claimed many lives and left huge losses. 300 thousand people were killed and infrastructure losses reached US $ 14 billion due to the strongest earthquake in the Caribbean during the two centuries.