Did you know facts About Antarctica
Antarctica Facts for kids and Adults
1. Did you know of Greek origin, the word Antarctica means “opposite to the North”.
2. Did you know If Antarctica’s ice melted, the world’s oceans would rise by 60 to 65 meters.
3. Did you know the night in Antarctica lasts no less than 6 months.
4. Did you know Antarctica is pushed into the earth by the weight of its ice sheets If they melted, it would “spring back” about 500m. It would do this in 10k years.
5. Did you know Antarctica is the only reasonable place in the world to find meteorites. Meteorites show up on the surface of the land in the middle of the night infect the ice and surroundings gather them together.
6. Did you know the cold and dry conditions in the “Dry Valleys” region of Antarctica are so close to those on Mars that NASA did testing there for the Viking mission. It has not rained in the dry valleys for at least 2 million years.
7. Did you know There has been no exchange of fish from either waters it means that the fish have lived and survived in the Antarctic waters and have not crossed into the other waters. The average temperature of those waters is -2 to 2 degrees.
8. Did you know the average summer temperature is -30 degrees and the average winter temperature is -60 degrees. The lowest ever temperature recorded was -89 degrees at a Russian Research Center.
9. Did you know The Antarctic winter expands by 40,000 square miles (100,000 square kilometers) per day, which eventually ends up in double the size of Antarctica. That’s one and a half USA’s, and a half part of England.
10. Did you know Snow falling at the South Pole takes about 100,000 years to “flow” to the coast of Antarctica where it falls and flows as an iceberg.
11. Did you know The Antarctic ice cap has 29 million cubic kilometers of ice. This is 90% of all the ice on the planet and between 60 and 70 % of all of the world’s fresh water.
12. Did you know It is believed that the Antarctic continent arose 250 million years ago, arising from the disintegration of the primitive Gondwana continent.
13. Did you know with 14 million square kilometers, Antarctica is one of the largest continents on Earth. It is also the least populous. It has no permanent population, and the provisional population rarely exceeds 4,000 people during the summer.
14. Did you know the average temperature during the summer is -10º Celsius and during the winter can reach -40º Celsius. By the way, did you know that the lowest temperature on the planet, -89.2 degrees Celsius, was recorded inside Antarctica?
15. Did you know Detail: Antarctica is colder than the Arctic. Reasons: besides being located in the extreme south of the planet, the Antarctic continent is extremely mountainous.
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16. Did you know More than 95% of the Antarctic territory is covered with ice. At many points, the ice sheet reaches 2 kilometers thick.
17. Did you know that if all the Antarctic ice melted, the sea level would rise 60 meters?
18. Did you know The Antarctic Fish are called Ice Fish. They have no hemoglobin in their blood which makes them easy to carry oxygen.
19. Did you know the Antarctic ice sheet is so thick that it lowered the rocky bed of the continent by 600 meters.
20. Did you know by the way, did you know that scientists take ice sheets up to 2,200 meters deep to study how Earth’s atmosphere was 160,000 years ago?
21. Did you know the largest freshwater reserves on the planet are in Antarctica in the form of ice.
22. Did you know in addition to being the coldest, Antarctica is the driest, windiest and mountainous continent on Earth.
23. Did you know the continent’s highest peak is approximately 4,882 meters high.
24. Did you know the cold and dry conditions in the “Dry Valleys” region of Antarctica are so close to those on Mars that NASA did testing there for the Viking mission. It has not rained in the dry valleys for at least 2 million years.
25. Did you know There has been no exchange of fish from either waters it means that the fish have lived and survived in the Antarctic waters and have not crossed into the other waters.
26. Did you know Despite possessing most of the world’s freshwater, Antarctica is an arid continent.
27. Did you know The Antarctic winds are constant and inclement, and can reach more than 300 kilometers per hour.
28. Did you know There are several subglacial lakes in Antarctica.
29. Do you know what a subglacial lake is? They are lakes covered by immense layers of ice.
30. Did you know Seven countries claim the territory of Antarctica. They are: Argentina, Australia, Chile, France, New Zealand, Norway and the United Kingdom.
31. Did you know The first documented expeditions to the icy continent occurred in the sixteenth century and the first man to circumnavigate it was the British James Cook in the seventeenth century.
32. Did you know It is not the clock, nor the calendar that determines human actions on the continent, it is the climatic conditions. All outdoor activities depend on the weather.
33. Did you know So well preserved on ice, the meteorites found in Antarctica give scientists excellent clues to the origin and evolution of the Solar System.
34. Did you know the cold is so intense that if you throw a glass of boiling water up, the water will freeze immediately, forming small crystals of ice.
35. Did you know There are more than 30 species of flying birds in Antarctica. The most common are petrels, skuas (gulls) and albatrosses.
36. Did you know the penguin is a typical bird of the South Pole. There are 17 species of penguins in the Antarctic.
37. Did you know the most common mammals are whales (about 10 species) and seals and their relatives (sea elephants and sea lions, among others).
38. Did you know After all, Antarctic birds and mammals feed on what? Of fish (more than 100 species) and a small crustacean called krill. Similar to shrimp, krill is the main food source of the region’s animals. .
39. Did you know It is suspected that the impenetrable Antarctic soil is rich in minerals such as iron, copper, zinc, silver, lead and even gold.
40. Did you know The Arctic and the Antarctic are the best places to research the effects of global warming.